John Gerard: John Gerard, English herbalist, author of The Herball, or generall historie of plantes (). In Gerard went to London to become an. The Herball or Generall Historie of Plantes (). John Gerarde. Publisher: John Norton Year: Town: London. Complete PDF-Version of this book. Trained as a Barber-surgeon, John Gerard () divided his time working as superintendent of the gardens of William Cecil, Lord Burghley ().
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Several leaves feature marginalia of various hands. The Text The herbal genre dates back to antiquity, but it was during the period from to that it bloomed. After Gerard’s death inan enlarged, revised and corrected edition of the Herball was issued in  and reprinted as a third edition in For many years, the potato was considered a delicacy to be enjoyed only by the rich. Gerard recommended foxglove as an expectorant:.
It is situated in the River Weaver jonh, about 4 miles 6 km southwest of Crewe. The first description of the potato in English appears in The Herball or Generall Historie of Plantes by John Gerardwho corresponded with Clusius and provided him with some tubers, presumably from his own garden.
Nothing is known of his parentage,   but the coat of arms on his Herball implies he was a member of the Gerards of Ince. Lest the Author of the divine work would evade you, any plant should show God as present. Books and articles [ edit ] Arber, Agnes egrard reissue ].
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Nature seems to play more with this floure than with any other that I do know” I. Sir Isaac Newton, English physicist and mathematician, who was the culminating figure of the scientific…. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Gerard, who had cataloged his own extensive garden the year before the first complete inventory of a private garden was called upon to complete the project. Although Renaissance herbalists were critical of medieval practices, they inherited the tradition of plant portraiture from their predecessors.
Thomas Johnson quickly revised the text, which was issued in and was received so well that it was published again in This page was last edited on 24 Octoberat Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval.
Although Gerard was an experienced collector and plantsman, unlike L’Obel he lacked scholarship, as is evident in his dedication to Burghley, where he grard a picture of himself as a gardener.
The Herball of John Gerard
The woodcut is from Clusius’ Rariorum plantarum historiaa description of rare and exotic plants, including the potato, which Sir Francis Drake had brought from the New World to England in and planted there. They were well educated, as jihn other members of the “Lime Street community” in the City of London.
Robert Priest, a member of the London College of Physicians, was commissioned to translate Rembert Dodoens’ collected works Stirpium Historiae Pemptades Sex into English, but he died johm the book was published.
Norton decided to proceed with publication despite these difficulties.
Gerrard’s garden” in East Smithfield, but this was not proceeded with. InGerard published his Catalogue Catalogus arborum, fruticum, ac plantarum tam indigenarum, quam exoticarum, in horto Johannis Gerardi civis et chirurgi Herbsll nascentiuma list of rare plants 1, different kinds he cultivated in his own garden at Holborn, where he introduced exotic plants from the New World, including a plant he misidentified as the Yucca.
Lobel, who was living in England, was asked to correct the errors and claimed to have discovered over a thousand. Gerard wrote his text to fit the previously-printed continental woodblocks, explaining how many included plants are plants that are not native to England.
It is thought he resided in a tenement with a garden belonging to Lord Burghley. The shaping of Cambridge botany: He arranged to rent woodblocks illustrating hherball from continental publisher Nicholaus Bassaeus, who previously used a series of impressive illustrations in Eicones plantarum by Jacob Theodor otherwise known as Tabernaemontanus.
The herball, or, Generall historie of plantes
For other uses, see John Gerard disambiguation. Gerard, John . Introduction of North American plants into European herbals”. Barlow, Horace Mallinson The Correspondence of John Ray: The only known copy is in the Sloane collection at the British Library.
But Gerard was not sufficiently knowledgeable to match all the plant descriptions with their proper illustrations.