Gabrieli Sonata pian’ e forte. Background information and performance circumstances. Giovanni Gabrielii () was principal organist and composer at. Sonata pian’ e forte a 8, alla quarta bassa, C composer. Giovanni Gabrieli ( c/). ; No 6 of Sacrae Symphoniae. Giovanni Gabrieli’s Sonata pian e forte: choice of instruments and performance pitch – a new solution. Michael Lawlor. Uploaded by. Michael Lawlor. Giovanni.
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Log In Sign Up. The cornetto part goes down to g. Although German and English writers on music in the 16th and 17th centuries got their Italian terms mixed up, Gabrieli and his publisher, Angelo Gardane, being Italian, should be expected to use the correct Italian terms since they were consistently used in other contemporary publications: The site is also available in several languages. If we assume the piece should be performed at the notated pitch, what impact does it have on the choice of instruments?
The sextus and bassus parts should be played on bass trombones. Please use the dropdown buttons to set your preferred options, or use the checkbox to accept the defaults.
The picture is not so clear for choir one, where the altus and tenor parts are gabrielj mezzo-soprano clef and alto clef, respectively. Looking at the middle parts, choir two appears straight-forward: The altus and tenor parts could be played on either alto or tenor trombones or even one of each.
Termini musici also refers to octave doubling by violin but does not refer to cornett. Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. My unpublished paper on extant cornetts covers this subject, part of which was presented at the Historic Giovxnni Society Symposium held in Oxford in The quintus and octavus parts should be played on tenor trombones. Again, Gabrieli and Gardane would have known that the part needed a viola and surely would have specified viola in the published work; but there is an alternative solution that means Gabrieli is indeed correct in spnata designation of violino.
This is a comfortable tessitura and a typical lowest note for cornett writing in many works for which the instrument is specified during the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries even if sometimes specified as an alternative to the violin. We start by assessing the clefs and ranges for each part, including the ranges if the parts are transposed down a fourth. What are the problems? In modern times there is currently no call for players with this skill: The sonata has been transposed and the marking, alla quarta bassa, is a description and not an instruction.
Speer, Vierfaches Musicalisches Kleeblatt Ulm, but not in edition, which gives a as lowest note. Is Gabrieli telling us this piece also needs to be transposed down or is he merely highlighting the change in tessitura and telling us that it has already been transposed down a fourth?
Remember me on this computer. The other solution to 1 e. Don’t show me this message again.
Each of the modes could be used at a high or a low pitch; here the words alla quarta bassa may indicate that the sonata, conceived outside the modal system, is already notated at low pitch and—unlike the eight-part canzonas?
The range of color, breadth and depth of sonority and the majestic nobility of the composer’s conception are all revealed in a manner even the most expert of modern brass players could not possibly emulate. Welcome to Hyperion Records, an independent British classical label devoted to presenting gabrielli recordings of music of all styles and from all periods fabrieli the twelfth century to the twenty-first. The violino part goes down to d, still too low for the violin but would only require a standard-sized viola.
Gabridli playing is fluent and exhilarating.
The violino part goes down to A. These are shown in the following table. However, some fingering charts from the seventeenth century1 indicate the bottom note of the giovajni to be g, but ability to lip the bottom note down from a to g, maintaining good tone quality and accurate pjan, is difficult. The septimus should be played an octave higher than written by a violin. It should be played at the notated pitch. Aureleo Virgiliano, Il dolcimelo c.
Sonata pian’ e forte a 8, alla quarta bassa, C composer. The piece is essentially an elegiac melody, expressively harmonized, that is passed from choir to choir; the long-breathed lines do not in themselves create much contrast, until the greater animation of the final tutti.
Update Required To play the media you will need to either update your browser to a recent version or update your Flash plugin. This is one step lower than the normal bottom note of the instrument.
Sonata pian’ e forte – Wikipedia
This instrument is frequently referred to for the playing of bass parts in high ranging works, often as an alternative to the trombone. Skip to main content. This includes the following advice, the significant comments are underlined: Is it possible that the indication alla quarta bassa is not an instruction, but a description?
It is still possible to transpose the sonata down a fourth, but playing at the notated pitch brings the work into line with most of the repertoire of this period. Both of these parts could easily be played on either alto or tenor trombones or one of each. The cantus should be played by a regular cornett. Help Center Find new research papers in: This means that in the case of Rossi, alla quarta alta indicates the work has already been transposed, so should be played at the notated pitch.
All of these pieces are brought together into a smaller, more manageable tessitura if the high clef 2 I have chosen not to consider the use of alto cornett on this part since the instrument, if it existed at all, was very rare. Click here to sign up. The alto sackbut has had a significant come- back in recent years as a result of growing interest in historic brass, however, it would appear that even in the seventeenth century, there was a preference for the fuller tone of the tenor trombone compared with the alto.
The usual modern interpretation of this is to use the tenor violin, what Italians would call a violetta, or sometimes the general name for a bass instrument: September Total duration: Hyperion offers both CDs, and downloads in a number of formats.