On establishing universal peace in truth, justice, charity and liberty. To our venerable brothers the patriarchs, primates, archbishops, bishops and other local . Pacem in Terris, an encyclical written by Pope John XXIII. This is only a summary review. THE LIFE. Papa Giovanni XXIII Enciclica Pacem in Terris. BIRTH AND FIRST YEARS OF LIFE IN THE FAMILY · EDUCATION TO THE PRIESTHOOD.

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Vatican II — A.

Is every ruler appointed by God? Here surely is our proof that, in defining the scope of a just freedom within which individual citizens may live lives worthy of their human dignity, the rulers of some nations have been far too restrictive. Far from being content with a purely passive role or allowing themselves to be regarded as a kind of instrument, they are demanding both in domestic and in public life the rights and duties which belong to them as human persons.

Governmental authority, therefore, is a postulate of the moral order and derives from God. For experience has taught us that, unless these authorities take suitable action with regard to economic, political and cultural matters, inequalities between the citizens tend to become more and more widespread, especially in the modern world, and as a result human rights are rendered totally ineffective and the fulfillment of duties is compromised.

For power is given you by the Lord, and strength by the Most High, who will examine your works, and search out your thoughts. Peter’s, on Holy Thursday, the eleventh day of April, in the yearthe fifth of Our Pontificate.

This statement of St. The United Nations Organization U. It is also true that the relations of the citizens with each other of citizens and intermediate groups with public authorities, and finally of the public authorities with one another, are often so complex and so sensitive that they cannot be regulated by inflexible legal provisions.

Apostolate of a Trained Laity It also recognized other rights connected enclclica these. Such authority, therefore, cannot be misdirected against the moral order.

God has created men social by nature, and a society cannot “hold together unless someone is in command to give effective direction and unity of purpose. This calls, above all, for the elimination of tsrris trace of racism, and the consequent recognition of the principle that all States are by nature equal in dignity.

Pacem in Terris

In traditionally Christian States at the present time, civil institutions evince a high degree of scientific and technical progress and possess abundant machinery for the attainment of every kind of objective. Therefore, in an age such as ours which prides itself on its atomic energy it is contrary to reason to hold that war is now a suitable way to restore rights which have been violated.

National economies are gradually becoming so interdependent that a kind of world economy is being born from the simultaneous integration of the economies of individual States.


This situation gives rise to serious problems. Yet at the same time they should show themselves animated by a spirit of understanding and unselfishness, ready to co-operate loyally in achieving objects which are good in themselves, or conducive to good. Hence, to quote Pope Pius XII, “The absolute order of living beings, and the very purpose of man—an autonomous being, the subject of duties and inviolable rights, and the origin and purpose of human society—have a direct bearing upon the State as a necessary community endowed with authority.

Truth further demands that the various media of social communications made available by modern progress, which enable the nations to know each other better, be used with serene objectivity. But that does not entitle them to exert unjust political domination over other nations. Very often, experience has taught us, individuals will be found to differ enormously, in knowledge, power, talent and wealth.

Far from encouraging, as it should, the attainment of man’s progress and perfection, it is merely an obstacle to his freedom. They have also the right to give the societies of which they are members the form they consider most suitable for the aim they have in view, and to act within such societies on their own initiative and on their own responsibility in order to achieve their desired objectives.

It is worth noting, however, that these minority groups, in reaction, perhaps, to the enforced hardships of their present situation, or to historical circumstances, frequently tend to magnify unduly characteristics proper to their own people.

Pacem In Terris

This certainly requires that they observe and recognize their mutual rights and duties; it also requires that they collaborate in the many enterprises that modern civilization either encclica or encourages or even demands. Pacwm has the right to bodily integrity and to the means necessary for the proper development of life, particularly food, clothing, shelter, medical care, terdis, and, finally, the necessary social services.

Equality of Men Considering the need, the men who are shouldering this responsibility are far too few in number, yet they are deserving of the highest recognition from society, and We rightfully honor them with Our public praise. It is in keeping with their dignity as persons that human beings should take an active part in government, although the manner in which they share in it will depend on the level of development of the country to which they belong. And among man’s personal rights we must include his right to enter teerris country in which he hopes to be able to provide more fittingly for himself and his dependents.


We must, however, reject endiclica view that the will of the individual or the group is the primary and only source of a citizen’s rights and duties, and of the binding force of political constitutions and the government’s authority.

If, however, this political and juridical enciclicx is to produce the pace, which may be expected of it, public officials must strive to meet the problems which arise in a way that conforms both to the complexities of the situation and the proper exercise of their function. Retrieved June 1, We are hopeful, too, that they will come to a fairer realization of one of the cardinal duties deriving from our common nature: The natural rights with which We have been dealing are, however, inseparably connected, in the very person who is their subject, with just as many respective duties; and rights as well enviclica duties find their source, their sustenance and their inviolability in the natural law which grants or enjoins them.


In many places the amount of energy devoted to the study of secular subjects is all too often out of pro portion to that devoted to the study of religion. Terriw is necessary, therefore, that their interior unity be reestablished, and that in their temporal activity Faith should be present as a beacon to give light, and Charity as a force to give life.

And, indeed, just as the moral order needs public authority to promote the common good in civil society, it likewise demands that public authority actually be able to attain it. Pcem, in every human being, there is a need that is congenital to his nature and never becomes extinguished, compelling enciflica to break through the web of error and open his mind to the knowledge of truth.

In his association with his fellows, therefore, there is every reason why his recognition of rights, observance of duties, and many-sided collaboration with other men, pacdm be primarily a matter of his own personal decision.

We must bear in mind that of its very nature civil authority exists, not to confine men within the frontiers of their own nations, but primarily to protect the common good of the State, which certainly cannot be divorced from the common good of the entire human family. The first point to be settled is that mutual ties between States must be governed by truth. It must facilitate the formation of intermediate groups, so that the social life of the people may become more fruitful and less constrained.

And yet even this must be reckoned insufficient to bring the relationships of daily life into conformity with pace, more human standard, based, as it must be, on truth, tempered by justice, motivated encicliva mutual love, and holding fast to the practice of terros.

One would think that the relationships that bind men together could only be governed by force. Our concern here has been with problems which are causing men extreme anxiety at the present time; problems which are intimately bound up with the progress of human society.

And they derive their authority from God, for, as St.