For more than 2 decades beginning in , University of Vienna anatomist Eduard Pernkopf labored on his anatomical atlas, which he published as the. The first order of business is to review these two books for what they are: an anatomical atlas. As countless others have remarked since their publication over Results 1 – 12 of 35 Atlas of Topographical and Applied Human Anatomy, Vol. 2: Thorax, Abdomen and Extremities (v. 2). Oct 1, by Eduard Pernkopf and.
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What should we do about Eduard Pernkopf’s atlas?
Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals. The wasted appearance and crudely shaven head of a young man in an illustration of a dissection by Lepier suggested that the subject might have been a wartime prisoner edition, volume 3, Figure 50, tafel 43, opposite page Abstract Conflicts can occur between the principle of freedom of information treasured by librarians and ethical standards of scientific research involving the propriety of using data derived from immoral or dishonorable experimentation.
Spiro acknowledged that current officials of the University of Vienna are attempting to recover information that has either been hidden or destroyed and trying to locate former faculty who were interned and exiled. There are problems with this argument on many levels.
What should we do about Eduard Pernkopf’s atlas?
Our duty is to ensure that when we are aware that the data in an article or a book has been derived through unethical experimentation, that patients have been denied informed consent, or that data has been deliberately falsified, that all potential users of the data are aware of its origins.
Others argue that the publisher’s suggestion that the scientific work of the author be considered separately from his beliefs is impossible, that a work cannot be separated from its creator [ 30 ]. In Great Britain, the Royal College of Surgeons confirmed that it had a copy of the book ahlas would not comment on whether it would be removed as a result of an inquiry.
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Having said these things, I would hasten to add that this is not a stand-alone anatomy atlas, nor is it an atlas that can be used straightaway as a guide to human cadaver dissection. One legacy of that tragic era endures today through the continued publication of a critically acclaimed atlas, Pernkopf Anatomy1 named after the anatomist Professor Eduard Pernkopf of the University of Vienna.
However, his date and cause of death, as well as his state of origin were public information. Howard Spiro, at the Program for Humanities in Medicine at Yale University, says it does not matter where the victims came from—they were all humans, and all were murdered.
New Engl J Med. Page 1 of 1 Start over Page 1 of 1.
Must librarians then also provide additional links in this chain? In the s, controversy over the morality and ethics of using Pernkopf’s atlas began to surface. Fearing atlaw he might suffer legal or political repercussions for his previous Nazi party membership and prewar actions, he went on what he claimed was a vacation to Strobl in the state of Salzburg.
Indeed, Richard Snell, M. As a student he had worked under Ferdinand Hochstetter, director of the university’s anatomy institute. Discover Prime Book Box for Kids. Purchase access Subscribe now.
On the other hand, “There can be no doubt that Pernkopf, as head of the Anatomy Institute, was instrumental aatlas the procurement of the bodies of the victims of Nazi terror for dissection, and ultimately, for the creation of his Atlas,” argues Pieter Carstens, a professor of public law at the University of Pretoria . Sign in to download free article PDFs Sign in to access your subscriptions Sign in to your personal account.
During his time there he became a member of the Student Academic Fraternity of Germany, a student group with a strong German nationalist persuasion. Purchase access Subscribe to the journal. The methods by which racial hygiene proceeds are well known to you: In nine libraries, library faculty and staff brought up the issue.
Anatomical institute of Vienna and for the next fourteen taught anatomy at various posts throughout Austria.
They should “[promote] those whose heredity is more valuable and whose biological constitution due to heredity gives the promise of healthy pernkppf [and prevent] offspring to those who are racially inferior and of those who do not belong.
There is no prohibition, however, to librarians adding statements that alert the reader to controversial or erroneous material. My sincerest thanks go to both of them and to Dr.
Medicine and murder in the Third Reich. The Declaration of Pernkkpf of clearly states: First and foremost, it is critical to inform each and every user of this work of its origins and of the enormous price paid in human life and human dignity in creating it.
Moral analysis and the use of Nazi experimental results. The first of them was Erich Lepier who, for a while, signed his paintings with a Hakenkreuz swastika. After pernmopf war they were joined by Werner Platzer. In short, the deed is done and in this, as in so many other instances, exploitation and abuse of people have produced both beauty and lifesaving goodness. The issues raised for medical librarians by the Pernkopf atlas bring to the fore the conflict between censorship, long held by librarians to be unethical, and the need to uphold the ethical standards of the medical and scientific communities in the handling of scientific data and material that may be tainted by its unethical origins.