The Kuchipudi style follows Natyashastra more than any other dance form in India. Asamyuta Hastas – gestures of one hand carrying a certain semantic load. One of the most striking features of Indian classical dance is the use of hand gestures. So vast are the subtleties expressed in the hand gestures of hasta that the Bharatanatyam · Kathak · Kathakali · Kuchipudi · Manipuri · Mohiniyattam. Hastas / Mudras (hand gestures) are primarily classified as 28 Asamyuta Hastas ( one-hand gesture) and 24 Samyuta Hastas (two-hand gestures).

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Commons category link is locally defined Commons category link is on Wikidata using P Used for the salutation to God, Teacher and the Learned.

List of mudras (dance)

Leave a comment Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. It is used for salutation, agreement; to show fear, cold. When the fingers of two hands are stretched out and intersected, it is the Karkata hasta. Sattvika Abhinaya dominates mainly in Nataka dramaAngika abhinaya is expressed in Nritta pure dance, technique and they are both equally strong in Nritya solo dance.

Below are descriptions and main meanings of each hasta. When all the fingers of the Hamsasya hasta are bent and kept close to one another on their tips, it is the Mukula hasta.

If the thumb of the Mushti hasta is lifted up, it is the Shikhara hasta. To show an Alligator a crocodiletalking with fear, to show an argument and to praise.

When two hands in the Sarpasirsha position are placed on the kuchiludi, it is called the Gajadanto hasta.

To show Love, Catching the ball and Breasts. When all fingers including the thumb are kept close to one another and are slightly bent towards the palm, it is the Sarpasirsha hasta. In spite asamuuta the fact asamyura the expression through gestures constitutes the minor part of Angika Abhinaya, their role is very important.


When two hands in the Anjali position are folded as if holding a dove, it is the Kapota hasta.

Viniyoga Sloka Pranaamae Gurusambhashae Vinayangi kritaeshwayam. Viniyoga Sloka Chakrahastassa vigneyachakrarthe viniyujyate. To show Boar Wild Pig. When two hands in the Hamsapaksha position are crossed at the wrist, it is called the Vardhamana hasta. It is used to show opening of the windows, doors kuchi;udi.

To cover things and to show the sacred box in which the idols are placed.

Viniyoga Sloka Viniyogastu tatsyva Shivalingasya darshanae. They perform with tasteful blend of grace and fluid movements. One of the most striking features of Indian classical dance is the use of hand gestures. It is used to express weakness, darkness, faint, idleness, passionate love. Over the centuries as the performances were dedicated to the worship of Vishnu, the form came to be known as Bhagavata Mela Natakam.

To show a bird couple. When all fingers are separated from one another and are turned towards the palm in a circular way, it is the Alapadma hasta. We hold the Anjali hasta above the head for the Gods, in front of the face for the teachers and in front of chest for the learned. Interpretive – the gestures imitating the most characteristic features of an object: When in the Tripataka hasta the index finger faces the back of the middle finger, it is the Kartarimukha hasta.

Viniyoga Sloka Koormahastasyavigneyaha Koormarthe Viniyujyate.

Asamyuta Hastas. Single Hands Gestures

To show shanku Conch. Aharya Abhinaya – the expression through costumes, make-up and ornaments. Viniyoga Sloka Shankhaadishuniyujyoya Mityevam Bharataadayaha. Vachika Abhinaya – the expression through voice, speech and song.


There are four kinds of abhinaya means of expression: When the little finger is raised up, the ring finger is kept bent and the other three fingers are separated, it is the Langula hasta. Besides, the meanings of hastas are divided into three groups:. Your email address will not be published.

Asamyuta Hastas. Single Hands Gestures

Natural – the hastas expressing simple movements: When the forefinger of the Kapitta hasta is stretched out, it is the Suchi hasta. Nritta Hastas – decorative gestures without a certain meaning and which are the pure kuchipuvi technique. It is used to represent the bride and the groom, excessive weight, embracing a pillar. The Abhinaya Darpan a descriptive primmer for dancers mentions that the dancer should sing the song by the throat, express the meaning of the song through hand gestures, show the state of feelings in the song by eyes, and express the rhythm with his or her feet.

When the fingers in the Padmakosha hasta are bent harder, it is the Urnanabha hasta because it resembles a spider. Although both of them are hand gestures we will call them hastas while speaking of a technical aspect of aaamyuta dance and mudras if it is a necessary to distinguish a certain gesture in the dance that has a certain meaning.

When two hands in the Sarpasirsha position are closely pressed to each other, it is called the Pushpaputa hasta. The main difference lies in the abhinaya.